Macular Degeneration is a condition caused by the deterioration of your retina, and leads to vision loss in the center of your field of vision. More specifically, the macula, located in the center of your retina, is a layer of tissue that, when deteriorated, causes vision problems.
There are two main types of macular degeneration: dry and wet. Dry macular degeneration is caused by the gradual deterioration, while wet macular degeneration is known by the fluid leaked by growing blood vessels behind the eye. Both are caused by old age, but dry macular degeneration is the more common form of the disease.
Symptoms of macular degeneration include blurred central vision or a total blind spot in central vision, and color blindness. This can negatively affect your quality of life, as central vision especially is needed for many day-to-day tasks. Macular Degeneration cannot be reversed, but it does not necessarily mean that you will completely lose your site. There is also no cure, but there are several new treatments awaiting FDA approval.