The LASIK procedure (also known as laser vision correction or refractive surgery) permanently reshapes the cornea – the outer window of the eye – so that the light focuses more precisely on the retina. LASIK reduces or eliminates conditions like near or farsightedness and astigmatism. The computer-guided Excimer Laser creates extremely accurate, intense pulses of light that vaporize cells, leaving the surrounding tissue untouched.
Laser-assisted keratomileusis (LASIK) and Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) are noninvasive eye surgeries that help to improve a patient's eyesight. We use these techniques to treat many eye problems in Albuquerque, NM. These include:
- Diabetic eye disease
- Dry eye
- Corneal disease
- Retinal disorders
PRK vs. LASIK
LASIK is a laser refractive surgery that helps correct vision problems. It serves as an alternative to contact lenses or glasses in some scenarios. Even though we use both LASIK and PRK to reshape the cornea of a patient's eyes and improve vision, the techniques are different. The LASIK procedure permanently reshapes the cornea – the outer window of the eye – so that the light focuses more precisely on the retina. LASIK reduces or eliminates conditions like near or farsightedness and astigmatism. The computer-guided Excimer Laser creates highly accurate, intense pulses of light that vaporize cells, leaving the surrounding tissue untouched.
PRK requires the surgeon to remove a layer of the cornea, commonly known as the epithelium. They then work through the irregular curvatures in the eye and reshape the cornea using a laser.
The surgeon uses a tiny blade or laser technology to create a micro-flap in the cornea with LASIK. This is followed by raising the flap carefully and using lasers to change the shape of your cornea. After the procedure, the surgeon lowers the flap back to its original position. The cornea goes on to heal itself in a few months.
What Happens During PRK?
During PRK, our ophthalmologist starts by evaluating the patient's medical history. The patient then gets a chance to ask the surgeon any questions they may have.
On the day of the surgery, the surgeon recommends that patients eat a light meal. Also, the patient has to take the prescription medicine they use before the procedure.
The surgeon uses eye drops to numb the patient's eyes. Furthermore, they put a holder to prevent the eyes from blinking. The ophthalmologist removes the patient's epithelium using a laser or brush blade. What follows is reshaping the cornea.
Once the procedure is complete, the patient receives antibiotic, steroid, and non-steroidal eye drops from the doctor. The surgeon places a clear contact lens on the patient's eye to reduce any resulting discomfort and irritation. It serves as a bandage.
What Happens During LASIK?
During LASIK surgery in Albuquerque, NM, the surgeon uses drops to numb the patient's eye. The ophthalmologist keeps the patient's eye open using a lid speculum. After cleaning the eye, the doctor cuts the cornea with a special blade device. Alternatively, they may use lasers for the same process.
While they perform this procedure, the patient experiences slight discomfort. Their vision dims temporarily. The doctor then lifts and folds the cornea and proceeds to dry the inner tissues. After the procedure, the patient receives eye drops to prevent any development of infection.
What Is the Recovery Like?
The recovery period from the LASIK procedure varies. It may take 24 hours or less for the patient to see clearly. Other patients might experience unstable vision for a few weeks after the surgery. However, full recovery takes 3 to 6 months.
After a PRK procedure in one of our clinics in Albuquerque, NM, we advise the patient to take good care of themselves. The patient's vision may be unstable for the first three months of recovery. Nonetheless, the epithelium heals in under a week, but restoration of crispness and visual clarity occurs in three to six months.
Schedule PRK & LASIK Eye Surgery in Albuquerque
Does LASIK work? To find out more, schedule a PRK & LASIK eye surgery in Albuquerque, NM. Our ophthalmologists have vast experience in performing these procedures. We explain what LASIK surgery is to all patients in great detail and ensure that you are comfortable. This helps patients to make sound decisions regarding eye health.